8 Interesting Facts About Medina |Pilgrim (2022)

Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam, home to Medinah and Makkah, two of the most sacred cities in the world. It is the key destination for Muslims as millions of pilgrims travel to the country to perform pilgrimage (Hajj and Umrah).

Centred around Masjid an-Nabawi, Medinah is where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) lived and preached Islam after migrating from Makkah in 622 AD. The significance of the city can be understood by the fact that the day Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) entered the premises of Medina is the day that marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar (Hijri Calendar).

Medinah is originally called Medina Al Munawwarah, meaning “The Enlightened City.” The city of Medinah plays a pivotal role in the history of Islam because of which visiting the sacred city is a lifelong dream for many Muslims.

In this article, we will be discussing some lesser-known yet interesting facts about Medina, the city of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). So, without further ado, let’s dive in.

Table of Contents

A brief history of Madinah

8 Interesting Facts About Medina |Pilgrim (1)Formerly known as Yathrib, the city of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the oasis city of Medina is where he settled down until his last breath along with his beloved companions. The establishment of Yathrib dates back to the 6th Century BCE, when after a war between the Jews and Romans, the Jews escaped and resided in Madinah. From then till the day Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) migrated, the city of Madinah had been surrounded by Jews.

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Located in the Hejaz region of the Arabian Peninsula, today Medinah serves as the administrative headquarters of Saudi Arabia. The sacred city is home to Masjid an-Nabawi, the second largest mosque in the world, and the masjid which was originally established by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) himself. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has spent some of the most important years of his life in Medinah.

Medina Is the Fourth Biggest City in Saudi Arabia

Officially known as Medina al Munawwarah, Medinah is the second holiest city in Islam and the fourth biggest city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia after Riyadh, Jeddah, and Makkah.

The city of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is located approximately 443 kilometres (275 miles) by road from the city of Makkah and 160 kilometres (100 miles) inland from the Red Sea. The area of the city of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) covers up to 58,680 miles (151,990 square kilometres).

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) Migrated from Makkah to Medinah

According to Islamic history, after being physically, emotionally, socially, and financially persecuted by the pagan Quraysh of Makkah, Allah SWT instructed Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) to migrate to Madinah. Therefore, on the 20th of September 622 CE, the Messenger (PBUH) of Allah SWT, along with Abu Bakr (RA), embarked on a journey to the old city of Yathrib (Madina).

Upon arrival in Medinah, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was welcomed with open hearts and was granted the seat of power of the sacred city. It was from Medinah that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) sowed the seeds of a thriving Muslim community.

Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “I was ordered to migrate to a town which will swallow (conquer) other towns and is called Yathrib, and that is Medina, and it turns out (bad) persons as a furnace removes the impurities of iron.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Medina Is the Burial Place of the Messenger (PBUH) of Allah SWT

Medinah is also called the “City of the Messenger (PBUH) of Allah SWT” and “The Enlightened City.” Medinah was the home of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) after migration from Makkah and this is where he (SAW) laid the foundation of the Islamic community. It is also where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) passed away and is buried within the premises of Masjid an-Nabawi.

The Prophet’s (SAW) mosque is located in the city of Madinah, right next to the home of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

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Non-Muslims Are Not Allowed to Enter the Centre of Medina

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “There will be no town which Ad-Dajjal will not enter except Mecca and Medina, and there will be no entrance (road) (of both Mecca and Medina), but the angels will be standing in rows guarding it against him, and then Medina will shake with its inhabitants thrice (i.e., three earthquakes will take place) and Allah will expel all the non-believers and the hypocrites from it.”

After Makkah, Medinah is considered the second holiest city in Islam. Therefore, according to the rules and regulations of Saudi Arabia’s government, non-Muslims are forbidden to enter Nabawi Square. This is where Masjid an-Nabawi is located, and the area around it is marked haram to non-Muslims.

Anas (RA) reported, “The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be cut, and no heresy should be innovated, nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will incur the curse of Allah SWT, the angels, and all the people.” (See Hadith No. 409, Vol 9)

Medina Is Home to the Oldest Mosque in the World

8 Interesting Facts About Medina |Pilgrim (2)The city of Medina is home to several significant masjids in Islam, including Masjid an-Nabawi, the second mosque that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) constructed in 622 CE (1 AH) after arriving in Medina. Masjid an-Nabawi is also the second largest mosque in the world and one of the holiest sites in Islam.

However, it isn’t only the Prophet’s (PBUH) mosque that makes the city special. Medina is also where the foundations of the first-ever mosque in Islam were laid. It is where Masjid Al-Quba was constructed by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) himself upon arrival in Medina in 622 CE.

This makes the city of Muhammad (PBUH) home to the oldest yet most significant and sacred mosques in the world and in Islam.

Anas (RA) narrated, “The Prophet (PBUH) came to Medina and ordered a mosque to be built and said, “O Bani Najjar! Suggest to me the price (of your land).” They said, “We do not want its price except from Allah” (i.e., they wished for a reward from Allah for giving up their land freely).

So, the Prophet ordered the graves of the pagans to be dug out and the land to be levelled, and the date-palm trees to be cut down. The cut date palms were fixed in the direction of the Qibla of the mosque.”

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Medinah Population

The city of Medinah was previously known as Yathrib. It is one of the two holiest cities in Islam and the key destination for millions of Muslims travelling to Saudi Arabia for Umrah or Hajj. Medinah currently has a population of more than 1,525,000.

Medinah Is Known for Its Date Palm Trees

Despite being located in Saudi Arabia, a desert city, Medina has always been the centre of agriculture and the top producer of an array of fruits, especially dates, in the Arabian Peninsula. According to reports, being the world-famous producer of date palms, Medinah produces more than 300 varieties of dates.

Millions of Muslims Visit Medina Every Year

Did you know that during the 2016 Hajj, more than 300,000 pilgrims visited Masjid an-Nabawi in a single day?

Allah SWT and His Messenger (PBUH) have instructed all physically and financially able Muslims to perform the annual pilgrimage (Hajj) at least once in their life in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. After fulfilling the obligation of Hajj, many Muslims also visit Medina to pray 40 Rakats in Masjid an-Nabawi and to see the signature Green Dome of the masjid.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “The prayer in my Masjid (Masjid An-Nabawi)is better thanone thousand (1000)prayers in any other masjidwith the exception of Masjid Al-Haram, and a prayer inMasjid Al-Haramis better thanone hundred thousand (100,000)prayers.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Why Is Medina Important in Islam?

Medina is more than just a city. It is the second-most sacred city in Islam after Makkah. Medina is where the Mosque of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is located, and where he (SAW) is buried. Medina was the destination of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) after his migration (Hijrah) from Makkah. Soon after that, Medina became the centre of the Muslim Empire under the leadership of the Messenger (PBUH) of Allah SWT.

The sacred city of Medina is deeply revered by Muslims because it is home to three of the most significant mosques in Islam: Masjid an-Nabawi, Masjid al-Qibaltayn, and Masjid Al-Quba. Furthermore, 28 Quranic verses were revealed in the city of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), which are known as the Madni Surahs.

8 Interesting Facts About Medina |Pilgrim (3)Compared to the verses revealed in Makkah, the Madni verses have a soft tone and are descriptive, elaborative, and long. These verses were revealed to teach Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and the early Muslims the methods of worship and help them understand and practise the religion freely.

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The Messenger (PBUH) of Allah SWT said, “I have made Medina a sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains. (Sahih Bukhari 1869). Welcome to the city of sanctuary, where heroes were welcomed as refugees and where millions flock to this day for spiritual sanctuary.

This is a place of safety and refuge as Ali (r) himself narrated a message from the Prophet (PBUH) that ‘The asylum (of protection) granted by any Muslim is to be secured (respected) by all the other Muslims.'” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Anas bin Malik (RA) stated that the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said, “O Allah SWT! Bestow on Medina twice the blessings You bestowed on Mecca.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

According to Islamic scriptures, the city of Medina is guarded by angels day and night, and even when Dajjal enters, he won’t be allowed to enter the premises of Madinah. Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated that the Messenger (PBUH) of Allah SWT said, “There are angels guarding the entrances (or roads) of Medina; neither plague nor Ad-Dajjal will be able to enter it.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported, “Allah’s SWT Apostle (PBUH) said, “Verily, Belief returns and goes back to Medina as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger).”

Jabir (RA) reported, “A bedouin came to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) and gave a pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam. The next day he came with fever and said (to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)), “Please cancel my pledge (of embracing Islam and of emigrating to Medina).”

The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) refused (that request) three times and said, “Medina is like a furnace; it expels out the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good ones and makes them perfect.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Anas (RA) reported that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said:“For the believer, Medina is the best place. If only they could understand its virtue fully, they would never leave it, and whoever departs from Medina, having become disenchanted with it, Allah will send someone better to replace him. And whoever bears patiently the ordeals of Medina, for him shall I be an intercessor (or witness) on the Day of Qiyamah.”(Muslim)

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Anas (RA) also narrated, “Whenever the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) returned from a journey and observed the walls of Medina, he would make his mount go fast, and if he was on an animal (i.e., a horse), he would make it gallop because of his love for Medina.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Summary – Facts about Medina

Known as the second holiest city in Islam, the city of Medinah holds great importance for Muslims around the world. It was where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) resided and found peace after migrating from Makkah at the command of Allah SWT. Since then, Medina became the power base for the development of the early Muslim community.

May every Muslim get a chance to visit the blessed city of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).


What is special about Medina? ›

Medina is one of Islam's two holiest cities, making it a key destination for millions of pilgrims traveling to Saudi Arabia for Hajj or Umrah. The city is centered around Al Masjid an Nabawi, also known as the Prophet's Mosque, which was constructed by the Prophet himself and is also where he is buried.

How did Medina get its name? ›

What did Medina do? ›

Medina was court-martialed in 1971 for willingly allowing his men to murder noncombatants. Medina denied all the charges and claimed that he never gave any orders to kill Vietnamese noncombatants.

What is Medina called now? ›

The Prophet's Mosque was the first institution to be built following Prophet Muhammad's migration in 622 AD from Makkah, where he was born, to the town of Yathrib, which became known as 'Al-Madinah an-Nabi", or 'City of the Prophet', and is today simply Madinah.

What Medina means? ›

Meaning:city of the Prophet. Medina is a girl's name of Arabic origin. This habitational name translates to “city of the Prophet.” Medina commonly refers to a city in Saudi Arabia, where the prophet Muhammad began his work to establish Islam.

Who controls Mecca Medina? ›

Under the Saudi government, Mecca is governed by the Mecca Regional Municipality, a municipal council of 14 locally elected members headed by the mayor (called Amin in Arabic) appointed by the Saudi government. In 2015, the mayor of the city was Osama bin Fadhel Al-Barr; as of January 2022, mayor of is Saleh Al-Turki.

How old is the name Medina? ›

The use of the term dates back to the Muslim rule of Al Andalus (8th–15th century) and it originates from the Arabic word madīnah (مَدِيْنَة) which means "city". Christian families from these places took it as a surname during the Reconquista and later on.

Who built the Medina? ›

Founded in 1070–72 by the Almoravids, Marrakesh remained a political, economic and cultural centre for a long period.

Is Medina a holy city? ›

Medina is the second holiest city of Islam, and the site of the Prophet's Mosque (Al-Masjid an-Nabawi) and the Prophet's Tomb. The mosque, one of the largest in the world, is the focal point of the city. Immediately east of the Mosque is an area with no buildings.

Who killed Medina Spirit? ›

Medina Spirit, the race horse whose victory in the 2021 Kentucky Derby had been called into question by a failed post-race drug test, may have died of a heart attack but a necropsy report was inconclusive, according to California regulators on Friday.

How old was Medina Spirit? ›

Medina Spirit, a 3-year-old colt who trained under Bob Baffert, died Dec. 6 following a workout at Santa Anita Park in California. A necropsy, an autopsy for animals, was required by the California Horse Racing Board.

How long did the Battle of Medina last? ›

The army, being led by General Toledo, had camped on the north bank of the Medina River, about six miles north of Arredondo's 1,800 Royalist troops which were encamped near present-day Leming, Texas. The battle lasted for four hours.

What was Medina known as before? ›

Medina, Arabic Al-Madīnah, formally Al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah (“The Luminous City”) or Madīnat Rasūl Allāh (“City of the Messenger of God [i.e., Muhammad]”), ancient Yathrib, city located in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia, about 100 miles (160 km) inland from the Red Sea and 275 miles from Mecca by road.

Why did Muhammad go to Medina? ›

On September 24, 622, the prophet Muhammad completes his Hegira, or “flight,” from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution. In Medina, Muhammad set about building the followers of his religion—Islam—into an organized community and Arabian power. The Hegira would later mark the beginning (year 1) of the Muslim calendar.

What is Medina in history? ›

It is the second holiest city in Islam after Makkah, where Muhammad's burial place (PBUH) is situated. The city of Madinah was Prophet Muhammad PBUH's destination of his migration (Hijrah) from Makkah. Madinah became the center of the rapidly increasing Muslim Empire under the leadership of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Where did Medina come from? ›

According to the Instituto Genealógico e Histórico Latino-Americano, the Medina surname originated principally in the Spanish areas of Burgos and Andalusia. Today, the Medina surname is most frequently found in use in Argentina and Spain according to the World Names Public Profiler.

Why Is Medina a holy city? ›

It is the second holiest city in Islam after Makkah and is the place where Masjid-e-Nabawi is situated. Madinah is revered as the place where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) established the Muslim community and the robust foundation of Islam after migration from Makkah in 622 CE.

Is Medina a common name? ›

Madina is a rare and beautiful given name with a couple of different origins and interpretations.

When was Medina founded? ›

Medina, Ohio
FoundedNovember 30, 1818
IncorporatedJanuary 31, 1835 (village)
IncorporatedMay 6, 1952 (city)
28 more rows

Who is the first person to accept Islam in Medina? ›

The first converts to Islam at the time of Muhammad were: Khadija bint Khuwaylid - First person to convert and first free female convert. Ali ibn Abi Talib - First free male child in Muhammad's family to convert.

Who spread Islam in Medina? ›

Muhammad, the prophet who spread Islam, dies

In Medina, located in present-day Saudi Arabia, Muhammad, one of the most influential religious and political leaders in history, dies in the arms of Aisha, his third and favorite wife.

What does Medina mean in the Bible? ›

The word "medina" (Arabic: مدينة madīnah) itself simply means "city" or "town" in modern-day Arabic. It is cognate with the Aramaic-Hebrew word (also "medina") referring to a city or populated area.

How rare is the last name Medina? ›

According to the data, Medina is ranked #133 in terms of the most common surnames in America.

What is the largest Medina in the world? ›

The 1200-year old walled medina of Fez, with its 9454 cobbled alleyways and 300 mosques, is both the world's largest living medieval Islamic city and its largest pedestrian zone.

Who conquered Medina? ›

Siege of Medina

The idea is credited to a Persian convert to Islam, Salman. The siege of Medina began on 31 March 627 and lasted for two weeks.

How many umbrellas are in Medina? ›

The project was completed in August 2010, which initially included the construction of 182 umbrellas aligning the pillars of the mosques at the square, and later 68 umbrellas were added in the eastern square, totaling 250 umbrellas. The project cost was 4.7 billion riyals.

Does Medina have a flag? ›

The flag was officially adopted on July 30, 1990, when Ganyard said, "to all Medina County residents, past, present, and future: this Medina County Flag is for you." The flag was created using bold contrasting colors, striving for simplicity and recognizability.

Which city is holy in world? ›

St Peter's Square, Vatican City.

How many mosques are there in Medina? ›

This is particularly true due to Medina's significance in Islamic history and the city's efforts to preserve landmarks exemplifying traditional Turkish architecture. The Seven Mosques is one such landmark, site of the Battle of Trench, or Ghazwa-e-Khandaq, found on the western edge of Sela mountain.

How did the horse Medina died? ›

Medina Spirit – who tested positive for betamethasone, a banned race-day substance, the day of his Kentucky Derby win – died after a Dec. 6 workout in California's Santa Anita Park. In a statement shortly after his death, trainer Bob Baffert said the horse suffered a heart attack.

Which Derby horse died? ›

He denied deliberately doping the horse, which had been a 12-1 outsider to win the race, and blamed the failed test on an ointment used to treat a rash on the horse. Medina Spirit died in December after suffering a suspected heart attack while working out at California's Santa Anita track.

Is Spirit the horse still alive? ›

Today, Spirit is still alive and well – at the age of 25 – and living on a wild horse reserve that Dreamworks selected following completion of the film. Spirit is one of several wild horse ambassadors at Return to Freedom's American Wild Horse Sanctuary.

What famous race horse died? ›

Barbaro (April 29, 2003 – January 29, 2007) was a champion American Thoroughbred racehorse who won the 2006 Kentucky Derby but shattered his leg two weeks later in the Preakness Stakes which ended his racing career and eventually led to the need to euthanize him.
Barbaro (horse)
Major wins
19 more rows

What did Medina Spirit cost? ›

Even crazier, just two years after being acquired at auction for $1,000, Medina Spirit is most likely now worth more than $50 million.

Is Medina Spirit a girl? ›

Later that year, Medina Spirit won the Shared Belief Stakes and Awesome Again Stakes before coming second in the Breeders' Cup Classic.
Medina Spirit
DamsireBrilliant Speed
FoaledApril 5, 2018 Ocala, Florida, U.S.
DiedDecember 6, 2021 (aged 3) Santa Anita Park, Arcadia, California, U.S.
13 more rows

When did Medina Fall? ›

During the Arab Revolt in 1916 forces loyal to Sharif Husayn surrounded Medina and restricted its communications. Ottoman troops led by Fahreddin Pasha defended the town beyond the Armistice of Mudros in a last-ditch effort to maintain Ottoman presence in the Hejaz. Medina surrendered in January 1919.

Who attacked Madina? ›

Abdullah I of Jordan and his troops entered Medina on 13 January 1919. After the surrender, the Arab troops looted the city for 12 days.

How did the Battle of Medina end? ›

After a four-hour battle, the republicans ran away. Most of those who did not die during the battle were caught and killed. Less than 100 republicans escaped; Arredondo only lost 55 men. The Gutiérrez-Magee expedition of 1812–13 ended at the battle of Medina.

How long did Prophet Muhammad live in Medina? ›

Yathrib soon became known as Medina, the City of the Prophet. Muhammad remained here for the next six years, building the first Muslim community and gradually gathering more and more people to his side.

Which is the oldest mosque on earth? ›

The Quba Mosque is the oldest mosque and one of the first in Islam.

What did the Prophet say about Medina? ›

The Prophet said, "I have made Medina a sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains." The Prophet went to the tribe of Bani Haritha and said (to them), "I see that you have gone out of the sanctuary," but looking around, he added, "No, you are inside the sanctuary."

Why is the journey Medina important? ›

On September 24, 622, the prophet Muhammad completes his Hegira, or “flight,” from Mecca to Medina to escape persecution. In Medina, Muhammad set about building the followers of his religion—Islam—into an organized community and Arabian power. The Hegira would later mark the beginning (year 1) of the Muslim calendar.

What does Medina mean in Morocco? ›

A medina is the old part of a town or city, found in many countries of North Africa, not just Morocco. It is typically walled, and contains narrow streets, fountains, palaces and mosques. Many medinas are car-free as there is not enough space in the alleyways for cars to pass.

What was the old name of Madinah? ›

It's original name was Yathrib, and it was renamed to Medinat-al-Nabi, i.e., city of the prophet. People shorten it to Medina.

How many years did the Prophet live in Madina *? ›

Yathrib soon became known as Medina, the City of the Prophet. Muhammad remained here for the next six years, building the first Muslim community and gradually gathering more and more people to his side.

How long did the Hijra take? ›

Following the pledges, Muhammad encouraged his followers to migrate to Madina, and in a span of two months, nearly all the Muslims of Mecca migrated to Madina.

How many times is Medina mentioned in the Quran? ›

Madina in the Qur'an. Madina occurs 14 times in the singular form, 4 of which--9:101, 120; 33:60, 63:8--refer to Madinat Rasul Allah, as Yathrib became known after the Prophet's hijra.

Is Medina a Russian name? ›

According to the Instituto Genealógico e Histórico Latino-Americano, the Medina surname originated principally in the Spanish areas of Burgos and Andalusia. Today, the Medina surname is most frequently found in use in Argentina and Spain according to the World Names Public Profiler.

How old is the Medina in Morocco? ›

Founded in 1070–72 by the Almoravids, Marrakesh remained a political, economic and cultural centre for a long period.

Who built Medina? ›

al-Ansari also accommodated Muhammad upon his arrival at Medina in 622. Originally an open-air building, the mosque served as a community center, a court of law, and a religious school.
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.
Prophet's Mosque
TypeReligious architecture
StyleIslamic architecture
Date established623 CE (1 AH)
20 more rows

Where is the largest Medina? ›

Largest medina in the world - Medina of Fez
  • Africa.
  • Morocco.
  • Fes-Meknes.
  • Fes.
  • Fes - Things to Do.
  • Medina of Fez.
28 May 2017


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