Saudi Arabia: Freedom in the World 2022 Country Report | Freedom House (2022)

D Freedom of Expression and Belief

D1 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Are there free and independent media? 0.000 4.004

The government controls domestic media content and heavily influences regional print and satellite-television coverage. Journalists can be imprisoned for a variety of vaguely defined crimes. The Committee to Protect Journalists reported that 14 journalists were imprisoned in Saudi Arabia in 2021.

A 2011 royal decree amended the press law to criminalize, among other things, any criticism of the country’s grand mufti, the Council of Senior Religious Scholars, or government officials; violations can result in fines and forced closure of media outlets. All blogs and websites must have a Ministry of Information license or face fines and possible closure.

Saudi officials blamed the 2018 killing in Istanbul of Jamal Khashoggi, one of the country’s most prominent journalists who was self-exiled in the US and working for the Washington Post, on rogue Saudi intelligence agents. A handful of agents were sentenced to prison, but no senior officials were held accountable despite evidence that the killing was coordinated by the then deputy head of the general intelligence presidency and by a senior advisor to the crown prince. The crown prince’s senior advisor was sanctioned by the US government in February 2021.

The government maintains an extensive system of social media surveillance and regulation and invests considerable resources in automated “bot” and other accounts that influence and distort the social media environment and target prominent users. In 2020, internet activist Amani al-Zain was reportedly arrested after a video of her criticizing the crown prince––and making a reference to Khashoggi’s murder––surfaced.

D2 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Are individuals free to practice and express their religious faith or nonbelief in public and private? 0.000 4.004

The 1992 Basic Law declares that the Quran and the Sunna are the country’s constitution. Islam is the official religion, and all Saudis are required by law to be Muslims. A 2014 royal decree punishes atheism with up to 20 years in prison. The government prohibits the public practice of any religion other than Islam and restricts the religious practices of Shiites and of those who practice Sufism. The construction of Shiite mosques is constrained through licensing rules and prohibited outside of Eastern Province, where most Shiites live. Although the government recognizes the right of non-Muslims to worship in private, it does not always respect this right in practice.

The government exercises significant influence over Muslim clerics—both officially appointed figures who depend on government patronage and independent religious scholars who need a measure of official goodwill to function openly, appear on television, and avoid penalties.

Online commentary that touches on religion can be harshly punished.

D3 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Is there academic freedom, and is the educational system free from extensive political indoctrination? 1.001 4.004

Academic freedom is restricted, and informers monitor classrooms for compliance with curriculum rules, including a ban on teaching secular philosophy and religions other than Islam. Despite changes to textbooks in recent years, intolerance in the classroom remains a significant problem, as some educators continue to espouse discriminatory and hateful views of non-Muslims and Muslim minority sects.

Academics and researchers have faced punishment for being perceived as criticizing government policies.

(Video) Secrets of the Saudi State (Culture Documentary) | Real Stories

D4 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Are individuals free to express their personal views on political or other sensitive topics without fear of surveillance or retribution? 1.001 4.004

Saudis can engage in some degree of private discussion on political and other topics, including criticism of certain aspects of government performance, but the climate for free expression has deteriorated sharply since the 2018 assassination of Jamal Khashoggi and the arrests of many prominent writers and activists, which served as warnings to ordinary Saudis to avoid dissent. Self-censorship is virtually ubiquitous.

There are severe criminal penalties for criticism of the regime and free discussion on topics like religion or the royal family. Laws are often vaguely worded, giving the state considerable discretion to determine what constitutes illegal expression.

Surveillance is extensive within Saudi Arabia, and Saudis living and traveling abroad are also subject to spying and intimidation. Saudi Arabia is one of at least 10 governments that has had contracts with the Israeli NSO Group for Pegasus spyware, which allows users to secretly hack into a subject’s phone and spy on their whereabouts and communications in real time. Investigations in 2021 by journalists and tech researchers, including from the Canadian privacy rights group Citizen Lab, uncovered a new form of surveillance tool used by the Saudi government that needed no interaction with the user to access personal devices.

In November 2019, US prosecutors accused two former Twitter employees of providing information on users, including perceived government critics, to Saudi authorities. In October 2021, a court upheld a 20-year prison sentence against Abdulrahman al-Sadhan for criticizing the government through an anonymous Twitter account. The number of people detained for criticizing the government is not published, and not all cases are reported as family members fear retribution should theirs be made public.

E Associational and Organizational Rights

E1 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Is there freedom of assembly? 0.000 4.004

Freedom of assembly is not respected, and the government has imposed harsh punishments—including at times the death penalty—on those who lead or participate in public protests.

E2 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Is there freedom for nongovernmental organizations, particularly those that are engaged in human rights– and governance-related work? 0.000 4.004

Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) must obtain a government license to operate. Until the adoption of an NGO law in 2015, officials had approved licenses only for charitable groups; authorities have expressed a desire to encourage the growth of civil society but discourage independent work on human rights and governance issues. Reformist organizations have been denied licenses in practice, in some cases through arbitrary delays.

(Video) Economic Freedom Index by Country 2022 | Countries Ranked by Economic Freedom Score | Comparison

Human rights activists and other civil society representatives face regular harassment and detention. In February 2021, women’s rights activist Loujain al-Hathloul was released on probation after serving nearly three years in prison on counterterrorism charges relating to her peaceful activism for women to have the right to drive. She remains banned from travelling for five years and is forbidden from talking to the media. Her release was widely seen as a gesture by the authorities to the new US administration.

No domestic NGO openly advocates for LGBT+ rights in the country.

E3 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Is there freedom for trade unions and similar professional or labor organizations? 0.000 4.004

No laws protect the rights to form independent labor unions, bargain collectively, or engage in strikes. Workers who engage in union activity are subject to dismissal or detention. A May 2020 COVID-19-related directive banned “gatherings of workers” to five people, while limits on other gatherings were set at 50.

F Rule of Law

F1 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Is there an independent judiciary? 1.001 4.004

The judiciary has very little independence in practice. Judges are appointed by the king and overseen by the Supreme Judicial Council, whose chairman is also the justice minister. A special commission of judicial experts issues opinions that serve as guidelines for judges on the interpretation of Sharia (Islamic law), which forms the basis of Saudi law. Judges have significant discretion in how they interpret Sharia and do not have to publish an explanation of their judgments.

F2 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Does due process prevail in civil and criminal matters? 1.001 4.004

Defendants’ rights are poorly protected by law. Detainees are often denied access to legal counsel during interrogation, and lengthy pretrial detention and detention without charge are common. Due process is notably lacking in death penalty cases. Statistics and other information on prisoners, sometimes including their whereabouts or reason for arrest, are lacking. The number of political prisoners is difficult to assess, with some cases never reported due to fears that publicity will incur retribution from the authorities. Conditional releases sometimes require prisoners not to speak about their experiences.

A 2014 antiterrorism law includes lengthy prison sentences for criticizing the monarchy or the government. Among other provisions, it expanded the power of police to conduct raids targeting suspected antigovernment activity without judicial approval. Several Palestinians and Jordanians were sentenced on terrorism charges in August 2021.

The hundreds of people arrested in the 2017 anticorruption crackdown did not pass through the judicial system but were instead compelled to hand over assets to the government in return for their release. Government supporters claimed that the judicial process would have taken several years due to a lack of capacity.

F3 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Is there protection from the illegitimate use of physical force and freedom from war and insurgencies? 0.000 4.004
(Video) Ex-Ambassador speaks out: How Qatar funds extremism in the West

Allegations of torture by police and prison officials are common, and access to prisoners by independent human rights and legal organizations is extremely limited. In 2019, international media published leaked prison medical records indicating that many political prisoners suffered from cuts, bruises, burns, and malnutrition. Detained women’s rights activists were reportedly given electric shocks, whipped, beaten, sexually abused, and threatened with rape. Conditions in migrant detention centers are notoriously poor.

Corporal punishment, most often lashing, is common in criminal sentencing, though the government ended the use of flogging for some crimes in April 2020.

Capital punishment is applied to a wide range of crimes beyond murder, including drug and protest-related offenses. Defendants facing the death penalty are known to confess under torture, but courts do not consistently investigate subsequent retractions. The number of executions rose to at least 40 in January–July 2021, according to Amnesty International, after falling sharply to 27 executions during the entirety of 2020, when Saudi Arabia hosted the G20 summit. Meanwhile, three soldiers were executed in April 2021 for alleged treason; no details about their actions were publicized.

Saudi Arabia has faced cross-border military attacks from Yemen since 2015, when it entered a war against that country’s Shiite-led and Iranian-backed Houthi (Ansarallah) movement. These include drone attacks, such as an attack on Abha airport in August 2021, which wounded eight people. The country has also experienced waves of domestic terrorism from Al Qaeda in the past.

Saudi authorities were accused of firing on, and later detaining, Ethiopian migrants living in Yemen when Houthi forces expelled several thousand of them to the Saudi border in 2020.

F4 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Do laws, policies, and practices guarantee equal treatment of various segments of the population? 0.000 4.004

The courts engage in routine discrimination against various groups, citing their interpretations of Sharia. A woman’s testimony is generally given half the weight of a man’s testimony, and the testimony of anyone other than observant Sunni Muslims can be disregarded by judges.

Shiites, who make up 10 to 15 percent of the population, face socioeconomic disadvantages, discrimination in employment, and underrepresentation in government positions and the security forces.

Education and economic rights for Saudi women have improved significantly in recent years, but women are still subject to extensive legal and societal discrimination, most notably through the guardianship system, in which women must rely on a close male relative to approve many basic activities. Although legal reforms have recently reduced the scope of the guardianship system, it remains deeply entrenched in societal practices and customs, and an individual woman’s degree of freedom depends to a large extent on the attitudes of her family. Reforms announced in 2019 included a ban on gender discrimination in employment.

Same-sex sexual activity is generally understood to be prohibited under Sharia, and LGBT+ people are at risk of harassment, discrimination, criminal punishment, and violence.

G Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights

G1 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Do individuals enjoy freedom of movement, including the ability to change their place of residence, employment, or education? 0.000 4.004

The government punishes activists and critics by limiting their ability to travel outside the country, and reform advocates are routinely stripped of their passports. Family members of activists can also be banned from travel or imprisoned. For instance, in 2020, authorities jailed two of the children of Saad al-Jabri, who was formerly the most trusted counterterrorism advisor to the previous crown prince and is now in exile in Canada; Jabri alleged that the Saudi government had sent a hit squad to try to kill him in 2018.

Gender segregation restricts freedom of movement for both men and women, but male guardianship and other factors have historically imposed onerous constraints on women. The long-standing ban on women driving was lifted in 2018, and since 2019 adult women have been able to apply for a passport independently. Gender-segregation norms are easing in some places but unevenly and informally.

In March 2021, the kafala visa-sponsorship system was modified so that certain foreign workers no longer need their employer’s permission to leave their job, take a new job, or leave the country; they instead need to seek permission from the Saudi government.

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G2 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Are individuals able to exercise the right to own property and establish private businesses without undue interference from state or nonstate actors? 1.001 4.004

While a great deal of business activity in the kingdom is dominated by or connected to members of the government, the ruling family, or other elite families, officials have given assurances that special industrial and commercial zones are free from interference by the royal family.

Women face legal discrimination regarding property rights, with daughters typically receiving half the inheritance awarded to sons. Women are no longer legally required to obtain permission from a male guardian to obtain business licenses.

G3 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Do individuals enjoy personal social freedoms, including choice of marriage partner and size of family, protection from domestic violence, and control over appearance? 0.000 4.004

There are several official restrictions on marriage: Muslim women may not marry non-Muslims, citizens require the interior ministry’s permission to marry noncitizens, and men are barred from marrying women from certain countries. All sexual activity outside of marriage is criminalized, and the death penalty can be applied in certain circumstances. Women face legal disadvantages in divorce and custody proceedings and cannot marry without a male guardian’s permission. Under reforms announced in 2019, women can register children’s births and oversee children’s travel.

A 2013 law broadly defined and criminalized domestic abuse, prescribing fines and up to a year in prison for perpetrators. However, enforcement remains problematic, with some officials prioritizing privacy and family integrity over safety and justice for victims. Prosecutions are extremely rare. Women’s practical ability to leave abusive relationships is severely limited. While women are no longer legally required to live with their husbands under the 2019 reforms to the guardianship system, social taboos and other obstacles often deter them from leaving their family home. There are a limited number of shelters for women escaping abuse, but women are not allowed to leave them without their guardians’ permission.

The religious police’s authority to enforce gender-segregation and personal-attire rules was sharply curtailed in law and practice in 2016. Women’s dress is now less tightly controlled, though some Saudis have faced penalties for breaching norms of perceived “modesty” on social media.

G4 1.00-4.00 pts0-4 pts

Do individuals enjoy equality of opportunity and freedom from economic exploitation? 1.001 4.004

Foreign workers—who make up more than half of the active labor force—enjoy limited legal protections and remain vulnerable to trafficking and forced labor, primarily through employers’ exploitation of the kafala system. They also lack pathways to become citizens and face discrimination, including lower wages. However, March 2021 changes to the kafala system ended the requirement that foreign workers obtain their employer’s permission to leave the country or to take another job, a practice that had been criticized for enabling forced labor. However, foreign workers do need to obtain permission from the government to take those actions. Moreover, the changes do not apply to the nearly 3.6 million people who work as domestic workers, personal security guards, or chauffeurs who are governed by separate regulations that provide fewer safeguards against exploitative working conditions.

Government programs give preferential treatment to companies that hire certain percentages of Saudi citizens and penalize those that fail to meet such targets.

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Human trafficking remains a problem. In November 2021, UN experts called on the Saudi and Vietnamese authorities to combat the trafficking of women and girls from Vietnam to Saudi Arabia, noting one example in which a 15-year-old Vietnamese girl died after her employer beat her and denied her food; her family was unable to recover her body because her immigration documents had been forged by traffickers.


When did Saudi Arabia get freedom? ›

From the date of its establishment in September 1932, Saudi Arabia enjoyed full international recognition as an independent state, although it did not join the League of Nations. In 1934 Ibn Saud was involved in war with Yemen over a boundary dispute.

What is a freedom score? ›

Freedom in the World was launched in 1973 by Raymond Gastil. It produces annual scores representing the levels of political rights and civil liberties in each state and territory, on a scale from 1 (most free) to 7 (least free).

How many free countries are there in the world? ›

Freedom in the World 2022 evaluates the state of freedom in 195 countries and 15 territories during calendar year 2021. Each country and territory is assigned between 0 and 4 points on a series of 25 indicators, for an aggregate score of up to 100.

Who has the most freedom in the world? ›

2022 rankings

In the 2022 index, New Zealand is ranked most free overall, while North Korea is last.

Is Saudi Arabia a powerful country? ›

Saudi Arabia is considered both a regional and middle power. The Saudi economy is the largest in the Middle East; the world's eighteenth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the seventeenth-largest by PPP.

How old is Makkah? ›

Since Abraham built al-Ka'ba and called for Hajj 5,000 years ago, its doors have been of interest to kings and rulers throughout the history of Mecca. Historians say that when it was first built, the Kaaba had no door or roof and was simply made of walls.

Why freedom is important in life? ›

With freedom,we are allowed to do whatever we choose to,in order to improve our lives,financial situations,and the world. This is why freedom is so important — it keeps our world running,often without us being aware of it. Freedom also creates and embraces diversity,because all people are unique.

Where is the best country to live? ›

  • Sweden. #1 in Quality of Life. #5 in Best Countries Overall. ...
  • Denmark. #2 in Quality of Life. #10 in Best Countries Overall. ...
  • Canada. #3 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Switzerland. #4 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Norway. #5 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Finland. #6 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Germany. #7 in Quality of Life. ...
  • Netherlands. #8 in Quality of Life.

What is human right score? ›

According to the source, the score indicates the degree to which governments protect and respect human rights. The values range from −3.8 to 5.4. The higher the score is, the better human rights are protected in that country.

What is the top 10 free countries? ›

Top 10 Freest Countries and Territories in the World - 2021 Human Freedom Index
  • Switzerland — 9.11.
  • New Zealand — 9.01.
  • Denmark — 8.98.
  • Estonia — 8.91.
  • Ireland — 8.90.
  • Finland — 8.85.
  • Canada — 8.85.
  • Australia — 8.84.

Which country is not freedom? ›

List by country
CountryFreedom in the World 20222021 Democracy Index
Congo, Democratic Republic of thenot freeauthoritarian regime
Congo, Republic of thenot freeauthoritarian regime
Croatiafreeflawed democracy
Cubanot freeauthoritarian regime
74 more rows

What is the best free country? ›

4New Zealand

Which country is No 3 in world? ›

Canada, the second-largest country in the world in terms of land mass, ranks No. 3 overall, falling two spots from its first-place ranking in 2021.

Which freedom is the best? ›

Freedom Index by Country 2022
CountryHuman Freedom ScoreHF Rank
New Zealand9.012
66 more rows

Is Japan a free country? ›

Japan is rated Free in Freedom in the World 2022, Freedom House's annual study of political rights and civil liberties worldwide.

Which country is No 1 in world? ›

The overall ranking of Best Countries measure global performance on a variety of metrics. Switzerland is the best country in the world for 2022.

What is the top 10 strongest country? ›

The US spends more on defence than the following ten largest defence spenders combined (China, India, Russia, the United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, Germany, France, Japan, South Korea, and Italy). The United States, located in North America, is usually recognised as the world's most powerful country.

Who are the 5 superpowers in the world? ›

The world's most powerful countries also are the ones that consistently dominate news headlines, preoccupy policymakers and shape global economic patterns.
  • United States. #1 in Power. ...
  • China. #2 in Power. ...
  • Russia. #3 in Power. ...
  • Germany. #4 in Power. ...
  • United Kingdom. #5 in Power. ...
  • South Korea. #6 in Power. ...
  • France. #7 in Power. ...
  • Japan.

Do Muslims pray to Allah? ›

Muslims pray direct to God

A Muslim prays as if standing in the presence of Allah. In the ritual prayers each individual Muslim is in direct contact with Allah. There is no need of a priest as an intermediary.

Who built Makkah first? ›

The Kaaba was a sanctuary in pre-Islamic times. Muslims believe that Abraham (known as Ibrahim in the Islamic tradition), and his son, Ismail, constructed the Kaaba.

Can Hindu go to Mecca? ›

In Mecca, only Muslims are allowed, while non-Muslims may not enter or pass through. Attempting to enter Mecca as a non-Muslim can result in penalties such as a fine; being in Mecca as a non-Muslim can result in deportation.

What are types of freedom? ›

Types of freedom
  • Freedom of association.
  • Freedom of belief.
  • Freedom to express oneself.
  • Freedom of the press.
  • Freedom to choose one's state in life.
  • Freedom of religion.
  • Freedom from bondage and slavery.
  • Freedom of movement.

What is freedom short essay? ›

Freedom refers to a state of independence where you can do what you like without any restriction by anyone. Moreover, freedom can be called a state of mind where you have the right and freedom of doing what you can think off. Also, you can feel freedom from within.

What is freedom in simple words? ›

: the absence of necessity, coercion, or constraint in choice or action. : liberation from slavery or restraint or from the power of another : independence. : the quality or state of being exempt or released usually from something onerous.

Which is best country for study? ›

The Top Countries for Studying Abroad
  • United States. #1 in Study Abroad Rankings. ...
  • United Kingdom. #2 in Study Abroad Rankings. ...
  • France. #3 in Study Abroad Rankings. ...
  • Italy. #4 in Study Abroad Rankings. ...
  • Spain. #5 in Study Abroad Rankings. ...
  • Japan. #6 in Study Abroad Rankings. ...
  • Canada. #7 in Study Abroad Rankings. ...
  • Germany.

Which country has the best food? ›

These are the top countries viewed as having great food by global survey respondents.
  • Italy. #1 in Has great food. ...
  • Mexico. #2 in Has great food. ...
  • Spain. #3 in Has great food. ...
  • Greece. #4 in Has great food. ...
  • Thailand. #5 in Has great food. ...
  • France. ...
  • Turkey. ...
  • India.

What is the best country to visit? ›

  • Italy. #1 in Good for tourism. #14 in Best Countries Overall. ...
  • Spain. #2 in Good for tourism. #16 in Best Countries Overall. ...
  • Australia. #3 in Good for tourism. ...
  • France. #4 in Good for tourism. ...
  • Greece. #5 in Good for tourism. ...
  • Switzerland. #6 in Good for tourism. ...
  • New Zealand. #7 in Good for tourism. ...
  • Thailand. #8 in Good for tourism.

Is USA a free country? ›

In 2020, United States has dropped to rank 17 according to The Human Freedom Index. The Freedom Index does not measure democracy, but it does measure freedom of speech and media, press killings, political imprisonment, etc.

Is North Korea free? ›

Its current report on North Korea categorizes it as "Not Free", and states that there are virtually no organizations independent of state control.

What is the number 1 human right? ›

Article 1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

What rank is America in freedom? ›

David N. Bass. The Heritage Foundation's 2022 “Index of Economic Freedom” puts the United States at a record low ranking, falling from 20th in 2021 to 25th this year out of 177 countries ranked.

How many countries are in the world? ›

Countries in the World:

There are 195 countries in the world today. This total comprises 193 countries that are member states of the United Nations and 2 countries that are non-member observer states: the Holy See and the State of Palestine.

What country has best economy? ›

  • Switzerland. #1 in Economically stable. #1 in Best Countries Overall. ...
  • Germany. #2 in Economically stable. ...
  • Canada. #3 in Economically stable. ...
  • Netherlands. #4 in Economically stable. ...
  • United Kingdom. #5 in Economically stable. ...
  • Australia. #6 in Economically stable. ...
  • Japan. #7 in Economically stable. ...
  • Sweden. #8 in Economically stable.

Which country got last freedom? ›

The newest internationally recognized country in the world is the African country of South Sudan, which declared independence on July 9, 2011. In the following days, it became also the newest member of the United Nations.

Which country got freedom first? ›

USA was the first Country to get Independence on 4th July, 1776 from the Colony of British Crown.

Is Canada a free country? ›

The Charter protects those basic rights and freedoms of all Canadians that are considered essential to preserving Canada as a free and democratic country.

In which country 3 is a lucky number? ›

The Number 3

Most people believe in the adage that “all good things come in threes.” This is particularly true in Sweden, where people consider the 3 as a very lucky number. In Korea, they consider it the luckiest number. The association is different from what the people in Sweden believe.

What is the 3 biggest country? ›

List of countries (and dependencies) ranked by area
#CountryTot. Area (Km²)
4United States9,372,610
64 more rows

What is 2nd world country? ›

The term "Second World" refers to the former communist-socialist, industrial states, the territory and sphere of influence of the Union of Soviet Socialists Republic (Soviet Union). Communist Yugoslavia was the only eastern European country which was not aligned with the Soviet Union.

What are the 3 types of freedom? ›

There are three types of freedom. The first kind of freedom is “freedom from,” a freedom from the constraints of society. Second, is “freedom to,” a freedom to do what we want to do. Thirdly, there is “freedom to be,” a freedom, not just to do what we want, but a freedom to be who we were meant to be.

Why is freedom important in school? ›

The freedom for students to learn, explore, and challenge ideas while building and sharing your own opinions is the foundation of what is called academic freedom. The freedom to learn. This freedom protects students from unfair treatment by instructors based on the student's opinions and beliefs.

Is freedom the highest good? ›

Freedom is another name for the highest good, the state of ultimate human perfection that Spinoza set out to discover in his first work, Treatise on the Correction of the Understanding.

Is Japan Rich? ›

Japan has the third-largest financial assets in the world, valued at $12 trillion, or 8.6% of the global GDP total as of 2020.
Economy of Japan.
Country groupDeveloped/Advanced High-income economy
Population125.88 million (1 October 2020 prov. est.)
37 more rows

Is Japan a religion? ›

No single religion is particularly dominant, and people often follow a combination of practices from multiple religious traditions. According to the Government of Japan, 69.0% of the population practises Shintō, 66.7% practise Buddhism, 1.5% practise Christianity and 6.2% practise other religions as of 2018.

Is Japan 3rd world country? ›

The Third World includes all countries of Africa (except South Africa), Asia (except Japan), and Latin America and the Caribbean, and some states and territories of Oceania.

What happened to Saudi Arabia in 1991? ›

The Battle of Khafji was the first major ground engagement of the Persian Gulf War. It took place in and around the Saudi Arabian city of Khafji, from 29 January to 1 February 1991 and marked the culmination of the Coalition's air campaign over Kuwait and Iraq, which had begun on 17 January 1991.

What happened to Saudi Arabia in 1924? ›

The Battle of Mecca took place on 5 December 1924 in Mecca, as part of the Saudi conquest of the Kingdom of Hejaz by King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud of the Sultanate of Nejd.

Do Saudi Arabians have freedom of speech? ›

Saudi Arabia is distinct from other Gulf Cooperation Council countries in that its constitution does not protect freedom of expression. The Basic Law of Governance, enacted as an informal constitution in 1992, formally specified limits to free expression.

Who gave Saudi Arabia independence? ›

By the Treaty of Jeddah, signed on 20 May 1927, the United Kingdom recognized the independence of Abdul-Aziz's realm (then known as the Kingdom of Hejaz and Najd).

What will happen in Saudi 2030? ›

Vision 2030 is built around three primary themes: a vibrant society, a thriving economy and an ambitious nation. The historic vision was developed by the Council of Economic and Development Affairs, which is chaired by Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

Who is Saudi Arabia at war with? ›

On 26 March 2022, Yemen's Houthis announced a three day ceasefire, and offered Saudi Arabia the prospect of a "permanent" ceasefire. The Saudi-led coalition responded by unleashing a barrage of airstrikes on Sanaa and Al-Hodeidah.

Who won the Gulf War 3? ›

In all, an estimated 8,000 to 10,000 Iraqi forces were killed, in comparison with only 300 coalition troops. Though the Gulf War was recognized as a decisive victory for the coalition, Kuwait and Iraq suffered enormous damage, and Saddam Hussein was not forced from power.

Why is America friends with Saudi Arabia? ›

The core logic underpinning the relationship is that the United States of America (USA) provides military protection of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) in exchange for a reliable oil supply from the Saudis, pricing of oil in USA dollars, and Saudi support for USA foreign policy operations across the world.

Did Saudi Arabia fight in ww2? ›

No, it was neutral in 1939–45, but declared war on Germany in 1945 so that it qualified to join the UN as a founder state.

What is the biggest problem in Saudi Arabia? ›

The double blow of depressed oil prices and the COVID-19 pandemic is placing unique pressure on the Saudi economy. COVID-19 has further devalued oil and wreaked havoc on the non-energy sectors Saudi Arabia is trying to develop in the name of diversification.

Is Netflix allowed in Saudi Arabia? ›

Netflix still boasts the highest number of users of any paid-subscription streaming service, with some 220 million subscribers worldwide as of last June. A YouGov survey from September 2021 found Netflix to be the most popular streaming service in Saudi Arabia, with 37% of residents in the kingdom saying they use it.

Is Hindu allowed in Saudi Arabia? ›

Saudi Arabia is an Islamic theocracy. Sunni Islam is the official and state religion of the state and practice of any religion, other than Islam publicly is not allowed.

Can I drink alcohol in Saudi Arabia? ›

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has always followed the Islamic laws very strictly and enforced it on their people. It is a very conservative Islamic country and is home to what is considered the holiest city in Islam – Mecca. Alcohol consumption, importation, brewing and selling is completely banned in Saudi Arabia.

How Old Is Arabia? ›

Early History. The first concrete evidence of human presence in the Arabian Peninsula dates back 15,000 to 20,000 years. Bands of hunter-gatherers roamed the land, living off wild animals and plants. As the European ice cap melted during the last Ice Age, some 15,000 years ago, the climate in the peninsula became dry.

What is the old name of Mecca? ›

Islamic tradition identifies Bakkah as the ancient name for the site of Mecca.

What is Saudi famous for? ›

Saudi Arabia is famous for oil, to be the origin of Islam, Arabian horses, the world's largest sand desert (Rub' Al Khali), the world's largest oasis (Al-Ahsa), Arabian coffee, oil, countless palaces, veiled women, countless mosques, Bedouins on horses, Bedouins on camels, Bedouins with falcons, sword-wielding dance ...


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