Learn actions you can take to stay healthy and safe on your trip. Vaccines cannot protect you from many diseases in Saudi Arabia, so your behaviors are important.
Eat and drink safely
Food and water standards in Saudi Arabia are similar to those in the United States. Most travelers do not need to take special food or water precautions beyond what they normally do at home. However, travelers visiting rural or remote areas that are served by unregulated water sources such as private wells should take special precautions to ensure the safety of their drinking water.
Prevent bug bites
Bugs (like mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas) can spread a number of diseases in Saudi Arabia. Many of these diseases cannot be prevented with a vaccine or medicine. You can reduce your risk by taking steps to prevent bug bites.
What can I do to prevent bug bites?
- Cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and hats.
- Use an appropriate insect repellent (see below).
- Use permethrin-treated clothing and gear (such as boots, pants, socks, and tents). Do not use permethrin directly on skin.
- Stay and sleep in air-conditioned or screened rooms.
- Use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors.
What type of insect repellent should I use?
- FOR PROTECTION AGAINST TICKS AND MOSQUITOES: Use a repellent that contains 20% or more DEET for protection that lasts up to several hours.
- FOR PROTECTION AGAINST MOSQUITOES ONLY: Products with one of the following active ingredients can also help prevent mosquito bites. Higher percentages of active ingredient provide longer protection.
- Picaridin (also known as KBR 3023, Bayrepel, and icaridin)
- Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE) or para-menthane-diol (PMD)
- Always use insect repellent as directed.
What should I do if I am bitten by bugs?
- Avoid scratching bug bites, and apply hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion to reduce the itching.
- Check your entire body for ticks after outdoor activity. Be sure to remove ticks properly.
What can I do to avoid bed bugs?
Although bed bugs do not carry disease, they are an annoyance. See our information page about avoiding bug bites for some easy tips to avoid them. For more information on bed bugs, see Bed Bugs.
For more detailed information on avoiding bug bites, see Avoid Bug Bites.
Stay safe outdoors
If your travel plans in Saudi Arabia include outdoor activities, take these steps to stay safe and healthy during your trip.
- Stay alert to changing weather conditions and adjust your plans if conditions become unsafe.
- Prepare for activities by wearing the right clothes and packing protective items, such as bug spray, sunscreen, and a basic first aid kit.
- Consider learning basic first aid and CPR before travel. Bring a travel health kit with items appropriate for your activities.
- Heat-related illness, such as heat stroke, can be deadly. Eat and drink regularly, wear loose and lightweight clothing, and limit physical activity during high temperatures.
- If you are outside for many hours in heat, eat salty snacks and drink water to stay hydrated and replace salt lost through sweating.
- Protect yourself from UV radiation: use sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15, wear protective clothing, and seek shade during the hottest time of day (10 a.m.–4 p.m.).
- Be especially careful during summer months and at high elevation. Because sunlight reflects off snow, sand, and water, sun exposure may be increased during activities like skiing, swimming, and sailing.
- Very cold temperatures can be dangerous. Dress in layers and cover heads, hands, and feet properly if you are visiting a cold location.
Stay safe around water
- Swim only in designated swimming areas. Obey lifeguards and warning flags on beaches.
- Practice safe boating—follow all boating safety laws, do not drink alcohol if driving a boat, and always wear a life jacket.
- Do not dive into shallow water.
- Do not swim in freshwater in developing areas or where sanitation is poor.
- Avoid swallowing water when swimming. Untreated water can carry germs that make you sick.
- To prevent infections, wear shoes on beaches where there may be animal waste.
Schistosomiasis, a parasitic infection that can be spread in fresh water, is found in Saudi Arabia. Avoid swimming in fresh, unchlorinated water, such as lakes, ponds, or rivers.
Keep away from animals
Most animals avoid people, but they may attack if they feel threatened, are protecting their young or territory, or if they are injured or ill. Animal bites and scratches can lead to serious diseases such as rabies.
Follow these tips to protect yourself:
- Do not touch or feed any animals you do not know.
- Do not allow animals to lick open wounds, and do not get animal saliva in your eyes or mouth.
- Avoid rodents and their urine and feces.
- Traveling pets should be supervised closely and not allowed to come in contact with local animals.
- If you wake in a room with a bat, seek medical care immediately. Bat bites may be hard to see.
All animals can pose a threat, but be extra careful around dogs, bats, monkeys, sea animals such as jellyfish, and snakes. If you are bitten or scratched by an animal, immediately:
- Wash the wound with soap and clean water.
- Go to a doctor right away.
- Tell your doctor about your injury when you get back to the United States.
Consider buying medical evacuation insurance. Rabies is a deadly disease that must be treated quickly, and treatment may not be available in some countries.
Reduce your exposure to germs
Follow these tips to avoid getting sick or spreading illness to others while traveling:
- Wash your hands often, especially before eating.
- If soap and water aren’t available, clean hands with hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol).
- Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you need to touch your face, make sure your hands are clean.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
- Try to avoid contact with people who are sick.
- If you are sick, stay home or in your hotel room, unless you need medical care.
Avoid sharing body fluids
Diseases can be spread through body fluids, such as saliva, blood, vomit, and semen.
- Use latex condoms correctly.
- Do not inject drugs.
- Limit alcohol consumption. People take more risks when intoxicated.
- Do not share needles or any devices that can break the skin. That includes needles for tattoos, piercings, and acupuncture.
- If you receive medical or dental care, make sure the equipment is disinfected or sanitized.
Know how to get medical care while traveling
Plan for how you will get health care during your trip, should the need arise:
- Carry a list of local doctors and hospitals at your destination.
- Review your health insurance plan to determine what medical services it would cover during your trip. Consider purchasing travel health and medical evacuation insurance.
- Carry a card that identifies, in the local language, your blood type, chronic conditions or serious allergies, and the generic names of any medications you take.
- Some prescription drugs may be illegal in other countries. Call Saudi Arabia’s embassy to verify that all of your prescription(s) are legal to bring with you.
- Bring all the medicines (including over-the-counter medicines) you think you might need during your trip, including extra in case of travel delays. Ask your doctor to help you get prescriptions filled early if you need to.
Many foreign hospitals and clinics are accredited by the Joint Commission International. A list of accredited facilities is available at their website (www.jointcommissioninternational.org).
In some countries, medicine (prescription and over-the-counter) may be substandard or counterfeit. Bring the medicines you will need from the United States to avoid having to buy them at your destination.
Malaria is a risk in some parts of Saudi Arabia. If you are going to a risk area, fill your malaria prescription before you leave, and take enough with you for the entire length of your trip. Follow your doctor’s instructions for taking the pills; some need to be started before you leave.
Select safe transportation
Motor vehicle crashes are the #1 killer of healthy US citizens in foreign countries.
In many places cars, buses, large trucks, rickshaws, bikes, people on foot, and even animals share the same lanes of traffic, increasing the risk for crashes.
Be smart when you are traveling on foot.
- Use sidewalks and marked crosswalks.
- Pay attention to the traffic around you, especially in crowded areas.
- Remember, people on foot do not always have the right of way in other countries.
Choose a safe vehicle.
- Choose official taxis or public transportation, such as trains and buses.
- Ride only in cars that have seatbelts.
- Avoid overcrowded, overloaded, top-heavy buses and minivans.
- Avoid riding on motorcycles or motorbikes, especially motorbike taxis. (Many crashes are caused by inexperienced motorbike drivers.)
- Choose newer vehicles—they may have more safety features, such as airbags, and be more reliable.
- Choose larger vehicles, which may provide more protection in crashes.
Think about the driver.
- Do not drive after drinking alcohol or ride with someone who has been drinking.
- Consider hiring a licensed, trained driver familiar with the area.
- Arrange payment before departing.
Follow basic safety tips.
- Wear a seatbelt at all times.
- Sit in the back seat of cars and taxis.
- When on motorbikes or bicycles, always wear a helmet. (Bring a helmet from home, if needed.)
- Avoid driving at night; street lighting in certain parts of Saudi Arabia may be poor.
- Do not use a cell phone or text while driving (illegal in many countries).
- Travel during daylight hours only, especially in rural areas.
- If you choose to drive a vehicle in Saudi Arabia, learn the local traffic laws and have the proper paperwork.
- Get any driving permits and insurance you may need. Get an International Driving Permit (IDP). Carry the IDP and a US-issued driver's license at all times.
- Check with your auto insurance policy's international coverage, and get more coverage if needed. Make sure you have liability insurance.
- Avoid using local, unscheduled aircraft.
- If possible, fly on larger planes (more than 30 seats); larger airplanes are more likely to have regular safety inspections.
- Try to schedule flights during daylight hours and in good weather.
Medical Evacuation Insurance
If you are seriously injured, emergency care may not be available or may not meet US standards. Trauma care centers are uncommon outside urban areas. Having medical evacuation insurance can be helpful for these reasons.
Road Safety Overseas (Information from the US Department of State): Includes tips on driving in other countries, International Driving Permits, auto insurance, and other resources.
Maintain personal security
Use the same common sense traveling overseas that you would at home, and always stay alert and aware of your surroundings.
Before you leave
- Research your destination(s), including local laws, customs, and culture.
- Monitor travel advisories and alerts and read travel tips from the US Department of State.
- Enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP).
- Leave a copy of your itinerary, contact information, credit cards, and passport with someone at home.
- Pack as light as possible, and leave at home any item you could not replace.
While at your destination(s)
- Carry contact information for the nearest US embassy or consulate.
- Carry a photocopy of your passport and entry stamp; leave the actual passport securely in your hotel.
- Follow all local laws and social customs.
- Do not wear expensive clothing or jewelry.
- Always keep hotel doors locked, and store valuables in secure areas.
- If possible, choose hotel rooms between the 2nd and 6th floors.
A Tawakkalna feature confirming that the user has taken all doses of COVID-19 vaccine and is now “immune”.
Saudi Arabia will allow travelers from all other countries to enter the Kingdom if they are fully vaccinated (with booster for vaccines for which it is required) with an approved COVID-19 vaccine, including: Pfizer, Moderna, Oxford AstraZeneca, Johnson and Johnson, Sinopharm, Sinovac, Covaxin, Sputnik and Covovax.
A) Visitors from all countries: Visitors arriving for the purpose of Umrah or pilgrimage (Hajj) or for seasonal work are required to submit a certificate of vaccination with the quadrivalent (ACYW135) vaccine against meningitis issued no more than 3 years and no less than 10 days before arrival in Saudi Arabia.
Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) has been granted in Saudi Arabia for Spikevax to prevent COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) in people from 6 years of age.
- Stay up-to-date on recommended vaccines. A strong immune system means taking advantage of the best leg up we have to protect ourselves from harmful illnesses: vaccines. ...
- Maintain a healthy diet. ...
- Exercise regularly. ...
- Hydrate, hydrate, hydrate. ...
- Get plenty of sleep. ...
- Minimize stress.
- Eat Well. Food Assistance. ...
- Be Physically Active. Regular physical activity helps you feel better, sleep better, and reduce anxiety. ...
- Maintain a Healthy Weight. Excess weight can affect how your body functions. ...
- Get Enough Sleep. ...
- Quit Smoking. ...
- Avoid Too Much Alcohol. ...
- In Summary.
The various blood tests that are required for your Saudi visa are:
- A full Hepatitis B profile.
- Hepatitis C Abs.
- Malarial Abs.
- Bilharzia Abs.
- Liver function tests.
If you have not been fully vaccinated, you need to follow the 'entry requirements' of the country you are travelling to. Entry requirements requested by other countries may include: requiring a negative COVID-19 test result before you depart from the UK.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has always followed the Islamic laws very strictly and enforced it on their people. It is a very conservative Islamic country and is home to what is considered the holiest city in Islam – Mecca. Alcohol consumption, importation, brewing and selling is completely banned in Saudi Arabia.
Women who perform Hajj pilgrimages while pregnant have a high risk of abortion, respiratory infections and various antenatal and neonatal complications which may go untreated. Practitioners should therefore educate patients of these risks and advise them to postpone the pilgrimage until after the pregnancy.
In order to Perform Umrah, there is No Such Umrah age restrictions or we can say that there is No Specific Age in which you have to perform Umrah. If you are Financially Capable and Physically Able to perform Umrah you can perform Umrah at any time At Any Age.
Pilgrims should remember that the accepted Haj has signs. The most prominent of these signs is the continuity of uprightness and obedience to Allah the Exalted. Furthermore, your relationship with Allah the Almighty should be better than before.
Reconsider travel to Saudi Arabia due to the threat of missile and drone attacks on civilian facilities. Exercise increased caution in Saudi Arabia due to terrorism. Some areas have increased risk. Read the entire Travel Advisory.
People aged 12 and over who had a severely weakened immune system when they had their first 2 doses, will be offered a 3rd dose and a booster (4th dose).
The Ministry of Hajj and Umrah in Saudi Arabia said that children can accompany their parents to perform prayers inside the Grand Mosque and set the minimum age to obtain an Umrah permit at the age of five.
- Oranges. Oranges are exceptionally good for you at any time of the year. ...
- Grapefruit. Just like oranges, grapefruits are a great source of vitamin C. ...
- Blueberries. ...
- Apples. ...
- Added sugar. There's no doubt that limiting how much added sugar you consume promotes your overall health and immune function. ...
- Salty foods. ...
- Foods high in omega-6 fats. ...
- Fried foods. ...
- Processed and charred meats. ...
- Fast food. ...
- Foods that contain certain additives. ...
- Highly refined carbs.
- Berries. With a wide variety to choose from, you can't go wrong adding these little nutrient packed sweet treats to your regular diet. ...
- Fish oil. ...
- Leafy greens. ...
- Nuts and seeds. ...
- Spices. ...
- Citrus fruits. ...
- Poultry. ...
- Brightly colored vegetables.
Protein. Specific amino acids found in protein are essential for T-cell function, which are cells that protect the body against pathogens. Meats, poultry, seafood, eggs, beans, nuts and seeds all have lots of protein.
The American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology reports that signs of a possible immune deficiency in adults include: Having more than four ear infections in one year. Developing pneumonia twice during a one-year period. Suffering from chronic sinusitis or more than three episodes of bacterial sinusitis in a year.
If you are seldom sick and bounce back quickly from illness, you likely have a robust immune system. Wounds that are quick to scab up and heal fast are also indications that your immune system is functioning well.
Saudi Medical Test That Meets All of the Requirements
- Blood lab work for HIV, hepatitis C, and hepatitis B.
- Stool test.
- Review the history of past illnesses.
- Vision exam.
- Chest x-ray.
- Physical examination.
The full medical report required by the embassy includes a medical examination, urinalysis, blood test for HIV, syphilis, Hepatitis B & C, & liver function. A chest X-ray will be arranged for you. An additional pregnancy test is necessary for women.
- chest x-ray.
- medical examinations.
- hepatitis B and C tests.
The CDC uses the term “up to date” regarding vaccines and boosters when eligible. Individuals are considered “fully vaccinated” (1) two weeks after receiving the second dose in a two dose COVID-19 vaccine series or (2) two weeks after receiving a single dose COVID-19 vaccine.
After a positive test result, you may continue to test positive for some time after. You may continue to test positive on antigen tests for a few weeks after your initial positive. You may continue to test positive on NAATs for up to 90 days.
Proof of prior infection (recovery) is only valid for 180 days. If you order a travel NHS COVID Pass letter via the NHS 119 service or online via NHS.UK, the barcodes in your letter will expire after 180 days.
Perhaps because of its long history in the region, coffee is a symbol of hospitality throughout the Middle East. “It is the first beverage offered to any Saudi guest,” says Majed Al Muhanna, a heritage food documenter.
It's important to realize that importing illegal medication or drugs in Saudi Arabia carries stiff penalties – including imprisonment and fines. However, travelers who take prescription medicines such as sleeping pills, painkillers and treatments for ADHD can import these into Saudi Arabia.
No, alcohol is strictly prohibited in all of Ksa even in hotels. In fact, you're not allowed to enter the country with any, you could get arrested.
While you are performing Umrah it is Not Permissible to wear shoes inside the Haram as the shoes may have dirt or Impurities. But yes one can wear shoes in Mecca keeping in consideration the shoes he is wearing is Clean and free from any impurities.
Taking photos of pilgrims in the place of worship is not permissible for two reasons: Firstly: they are doing that so that they can keep the pictures for memories, and any photo that is intended to be kept for memories is haraam.
Most will wait to shave their heads until after they have finished Umrah or Hajj, as this is a requirement to leave the state of ihram. Female Muslims are also expected to be clean. During the pilgrimage, sexual activity, smoking, and swearing are also forbidden.
Saudi Arabia Hajj and Umrah Regulations
The KSA MoH have advised the following people are exempt from Hajj and Umrah religious duties: those who are over 65 years.
The Ministry of Hajj and Umrah in Saudi Arabia announced that there will no longer be an age limit for Umrah pilgrims to enter the two Holy Mosques.
2022 Hajj: Anyone above 65 years will not be allowed into Saudi Arabia, says board. The Katsina Pilgrims Board on Wednesday reminded intending pilgrims above the age of 65 year, that they would not be allowed into Saudi Arabia.
Standard processing will take 5 days to review and approve your e-Visa application. You'll pay USD $202.99. For the fastest processing speed, choose the Super Rush option. You will have your visa within 24 hours.
Each Umrah Package is designed keeping in view the utmost hospitality and comfort of the pilgrims. The minimum Umrah duration is for 7 days and maximum for 30 days.
However, for those who are capable to manage their debt and finances properly, has a stable income, then it is permissible for them to perform umrah or hajj. Although, this is only permissible for those who are certain that they are capable to manage their finances properly when they return from the Holy land.
Both men and women are advised not to wear shorts or sleeveless tops, when going to government buildings, airports, health care facilities or malls. If you do not dress modestly, you may be asked to leave or be denied entry to these locations. Dressing modestly is important especially during the holy month of Ramadan.
Saudi Arabia has a lower cost of living than many other Middle Eastern destinations. Most expats enjoy a luxurious lifestyle, especially if their employment package includes housing, transport and education allowances. Compound accommodation is expensive and international school fees are high.
Evidence shows that mRNA vaccines work best as boosters, even if you received a different vaccine for your first two doses. This means that even if you had AstraZeneca for your first two doses, you will be offered Pfizer or Moderna for your booster dose.
The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are strongly recommended as safe and effective at preventing serious illness or death from COVID-19. From December 2020 to December 2021, about 470 million doses of COVID-19 vaccine have been given in the U.S.
We don't know how long protection lasts for those who are vaccinated. What we do know is that COVID-19 has caused very serious illness and death for a lot of people.
Unlike Hajj, Umrah rituals are shorter and simpler. These are the essential steps of Umrah: Enter into Ihram (state of purity and devotion) by washing your body and donning Ihram garments. Recite the Talbiyah in the miqat station to declare intention to make the pilgrimage.
The Saudi government has announced a series of entry restrictions, including for religious travel. In 2022, Hajj pilgrims must be under 65 years old and fully vaccinated against COVID-19.
With children under the age of seven being allowed to enter the Grand Mosque in Makkah and the Prophet's Mosque in Madinah, the Ministry advised that anyone within Saudi Arabia wishing to perform Umrah will need to obtain a permit from the “Tawakkalna” or “Eatmarna” apps.
How do you build immunity against COVID-19? COVID-19 vaccines are the safest way to build immunity because they cause a predictable and strong immune response. Getting a COVID-19 vaccine gives people a high level of protection against COVID-19 and can provide added protection for people who already had COVID-19.
Tawakkalna is showing “Insured Visitor” for all those who are traveling to Saudi Arabia on a visit visa and has Active Covid 19 Insurance. There is NO DIFFERENCE in Both statuses because both have GREEN Color.
Eat whole grains and nuts, 180 g of grains (unprocessed maize, oats, wheat, millet, brown rice or roots such as yam, potato, taro or cassava) Use nuts like almonds, coconut, and pistachio. Red meat can be eaten once or twice per week, and poultry 2−3 times per week.
The FDA has approved an antiviral drug called remdesivir (Veklury) to treat COVID-19 in adults and children who are age 12 and older. Remdesivir may be prescribed for people who are hospitalized with COVID-19 and need supplemental oxygen or have a higher risk of serious illness.
Leafy greens – Vegetables such as spinach, kale, chard, collard greens, arugula and lettuce provide loads of health benefits. Since they contain high levels of vitamins C and K, as well as beta carotene, folate and fiber, they're also powerful immune boosters.
Since the start of the pandemic, scientists have been investigating whether some people are genetically “immune” to COVID-19. This is actually the case with HIV: some have a genetic mutation that prevents the virus from entering their cells. No matter how often they're exposed, they stay negative.
Scientists found that without vaccination, infection with Omicron does not provide robust immunity against other COVID-19 variants.
After a positive test result, you may continue to test positive for some time after. You may continue to test positive on antigen tests for a few weeks after your initial positive. You may continue to test positive on NAATs for up to 90 days.
- In case the visitor comes to the Kingdom without having active and valid medical insurance, his or her health status on Tawakkalna will be "Uninsured Visitor".
- Visit the CCHI website.
- Choose the inquiry about insurance services.
- Press the go to service button.
- Please enter your passport number that was used to issue the insurance policy.
- Enter verification code on image then click (Submit).
- You will than be able to see the results.
Visitors Should Contact Health Insurance Council to Rectify their Status on The Tawakkalna App.